10 Essentials of Greek Cuisine

10 Essentials of Greek Cuisine

Similar to other Mediterranean cuisines, Greek food is known for its great nutritional value. Rich in authentic flavours and aromas, there is no shortage of tasty vegetables, aromatic herbs, seasonings and good olive oil. Like Turkish gastronomy, Greek food is built around the culture of sharing, with meal times an important part of the day to enjoy with the whole family. From Athens to Thessaloniki, passing through Mykonos, discover these 10 classic dishes of Greek cuisine:

1. Meze 

Meze is typical of Greek and Mediterranean gastronomy and symbolises their culture of sharing. A meze platter is a selection of hot or cold dishes that can be served in tapas format as starters, or as a main course. The dishes are normally consumed as an appetizer with bread and  drinks, such as ouzo, a Greek aniseed liquor that is served cold.

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Meze life

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2. Greek Salad 

The Greek salad is one of the most popular salads in the world, but you will find the most authentic flavours in its country of origin. The salad consists of tomatoes and peppers grown in the sun, black olives, onion, cucumber and local feta cheese, dressed with olive oil, vinegar and traditional aromatic herbs. This yummy dish is served as a staple with almost every meal. 

3. Tzatziki

This cooling yoghurt, cucumber, lemon and dill sauce is a firm favourite amongst many. You can try it as a starter or as a garnish to many main dishes. It goes well with meat and vegetables or served directly on pita bread fresh from the oven.

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#tzaziki #foodphoto

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4. Spanakopita

A filo pastry pie with spinach and feta cheese makes this a perfect dish for vegetarian travellers. Available in a variety of different shapes and sizes, it’s as good for breakfast as it is for lunch or dinner. Enjoyed hot or cold, it’s the perfect snack to take to the beach for a picnic! 

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🇬🇷 Voyage en Grèce avec ces Spanakopita, de petits chaussons Feta & épinards ✈ 😋 La recette 👇 #spanakopita #chaussons #feta #epinards #spinach #brick #feuilledebrick #patefilo #greece #grecfood #food #foodie #instafood #foodporn #worldfood #samoussa #recette #yummy #miam #delicious #diner #sundaydiner #sunday #dimanche #homemade #veggie #vegetarien #vegetarian LA RECETTE Ingrédients : 8 feuilles de pâte filo 500g d'épinards frais 2 oignons hachés 4 c à s de persil 2 oeufs 1 c à s bombée de farine 150g de feta Casa Azzurra 50g de ricotta 25 cl d'huile d'olive Sel et poivre Préparation : Hachez les épinards et les feuilles de persil. Faites revenir les oignons et les épinards hachés 5 minutes à feu vif avec 3 cuillères à soupe d'huile d'olive. Laissez refroidir. Mettez le mélange épinards-oignons dans un saladier puis ajoutez le persil haché. Ajoutez la feta grossièrement émiettée. Ajoutez la ricotta, la farine, le sel, le poivre et les oeufs. Mélangez soigneusement. Huilez une feuille de pâte filo. Pliez-la en 3 dans le sens de la longueur. Mettez une bonne cuillère à soupe de garniture sur l'un des bords de la pâte filo. Commencez à plier pour obtenir un triangle. Pliez en triangle l'ensemble de la pâte. Une fois le triangle formé, insérez dans la fente le petit bord de pâte qui dépasse afin de bien souder l'ensemble. Répétez l'opération jusqu'à épuisement des ingrédients. Déposez les triangles sur une plaque recouverte de papier sulfurisé. Huilez la surface et faites-les cuire 20 minutes.

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5. Dolmades 

Summer is the best time to travel to Greece if you want to try seasonal gastronomic delights like dolmades. You will find many variations for Dolmades across regions from the traditional vine leaf parcels to the hollowed out vegetables, such as peppers. The vegetable or vine leaf is stuffed with rice and/or meat and baked in the oven.

6. Moussaka

One of the best known Greek dishes and for good reason! Tasty minced meat with a tomato based sauce is layered with sauteed aubergine and topped with a béchamel cheese sauce and then baked in the oven until golden brown. 

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Moussaka over the Ayia Napa coast 🍴❤️

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7. Souvlaki

Souvlaki means skewer so this dish ultimately represents anything grilled on a skewer (lamb, pork, chicken etc). Traditionally served on the plate or in pita bread and accompanied by vegetables, tzatziki and sometimes fried potatoes for a quick and tasty meal.

8. Gyros

You can find this Greek dish anywhere in the country, both on the mainland and on the islands. A gyro is when the meat is roasted vertically, whilst turning on the spit. Slices of it are then placed in a pita bread with tzatziki sauce, tomatoes, onions, lettuce and chips. Gyros are generally cheap and enjoyed as a snack on the go.

9. Baklava

Dating back to the Ottoman Empire, baklava is a well-loved dessert in Greece and its neighbouring countries. Available in most pastry shops, baklava is a layered pastry filled with nuts, covered in sweet syrup and topped with pistachios. 

10. Loukoumades

The Greek version of doughnuts, small and round honey dough balls are fried, then drizzled with honey and sprinkled with cinnamon and chopped nuts. You will find these sweet delights in all Greek cities, it is not uncommon to find them with chocolate or other sweet toppings too. 


  1. fantastic post thank you

  2. Claire Masters says:

    My husband has a sweet tooth and he is of Greek descent so I’m planning on giving him a nice dessert. I didn’t know that Baklava is a very old dish that dates back from the Ottoman empire. I think this is a good idea so I hope I can find a greek takeout place to satisfy my husband’s cravings.

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