Musement takes a look at eight of the Dutch artist’s most famous paintings and where to find them.
Vincent van Gogh (1853-1890) was a misunderstood genius. As an artist, he had a tumultuous life marked by mental illness and only managed to sell one painting. The great expressive power of his extensive work, more than 900 pictures painted during a ten-year period, was recognized after his death. So much so that the Dutch painter, a pioneer of expressionism, is considered one of the most transcendental figures in art history. The largest collection of his work can be found in his native Holland, especially in the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam, although his paintings are also displayed in major cities like Paris, London, and New York. Here’s a look at eight of his most emblematic.
1. “The Sunflowers”, 1888
This oil painting is one of Van Gogh’s most representative works. It’s not in vain that you have seen it reproduced in countless media: plates, posters, stationery, etc. “The Sunflowers”, belonging to a series of paintings on the same subject, arose after the painter collected them from a field in Provence and painted them as they withered. It is said that the characteristic yellow tone of the petals was achieved after the caffeine addict suffered visual hallucinations caused by coffee consumption. Van Gogh was a true caffeine addict! National Gallery, London.
2. “Starry Night”, 1889
If you’ve studied art, you most likely know that Van Gogh’s “Starry Night” is an icon of the Post-Impressionist style. It represents the night view from the window of the sanatorium in Saint-Rémy-de-Provence where the artist stayed during the last stage of his life. Van Gogh painted the work during the day and also used it to channel his state of mind after one of his schizophrenia attacks a little more than a year before he committed suicide. Where: MoMA, New York
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VAN GOGH-"THE STARRY NİGHT"- "ULDUZLU GECƏ" Tarix: 1889 Dövr: 19-cu yüzil Cərəyan : Post-impressionism Yer: Museum of Modern Art, New York Məşhur qulaq kəsmə macərasından sonra ruhsal çöküş üzərinə bir sanatoriyaya yerləşdirilib. Burada yaxşılaşmağı gözləyərkən xəstəxana otağından görünən mənzərəni rəsm edir. Rəssamın gecə mənzərəni gözləmlədiyi, gündüz isə əsəri yaddaşından çəkdiyi bilinir. Saint-Rémy kəndinin meydanı gecə qaranlığında bir burulğana qapılaraq fırlanan göy üzü altında rəsm edilmişdir. Kəndin kiçik evləri pəncərələrdən çıxan sarı işıqlarla yaşama işarət edir. Kəndin mərkəzindəki kiçik kilsə uzun zəng qülləsi ilə diqqət çəkir eyni zamanda kəndin evlərini bir araya gətirir. Əsərin ön planında yer alan sərv ağacları rəsmə dərinlik üçün mənzərəyə sonradan əlavə edilmişdir. Bu ağaclar həm də ölümü və hüzuru təmsil edir. Göy üzü bir girdaba qapılmış şəkildə fırlanır. Sağda yer alan hilal şəklində ay rəsmin ən diqqət çəkici hissəsidir. Ulduzlar isə Böyük Ayı Ulduzunu əmələ gətirir. Ay və ulduzların sarı narıncı və bəyazın parlaq tonlarındaki işıqları əsərin əsas hissəsinə hakim olan göy, mavi, bənövşəyinin ağır aurasını qırar və əsərə aydınlıq gətirərək. Eyni zamanda bu parlaq təbii işıq mənbələri evlərin pəncələrindən çıxan süni işıqlarla müqayisədə son dərəcə güclü mənbələr olduğu vurğulanır.2004-cü ildə Hubble teleskopu istifadə olunaraq gerçəkləşdirilən gözləmlər ulduzların fırlanan qaz və toz buludları tərəfindən çevrələndiyini ortaya çıxardı. Maraqlısı isə budur ki astronomlar bu görüntünün Van Gogh-un "Ulduzlu Gecə" əsərinə bənzədiyini iddia edirlər! Rəssam Fransada bir xəstəxanada ikən fizika və riyaziyyatın ən qarışıq və çətin anlayışlarından birini qavradı. Turbulent axın. Və budur Hollandiyalı dahi rəssam həyatının ən qaranlıq dövründə fizikanın ən çətin məfhumlarından birini incəsənətdə əritməyi bacardı!💎 #art #artlife #van #vangogh #vangoghart #yıldızlıgece #thestarrynight #night
3. “The Room of Arles”, 1888
During his time in Arles, Van Gogh stayed in this room that he painted. With it, the artist wanted to represent the simplicity and tranquility of his bedroom through a palette of pale colors, which are also a tribute to the sobriety of Japan, whose artwork inspired Van Gogh. It is said that because of his epilepsy, he saw the distorted colors, which would explain the abundance of yellows and greens in this work. It is also said that Van Gogh painted this under the influence of a plant called digitalis purpurea that helped him maintain his pulse. Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam
Other versions can be found at the Art Institute of Chicago and the Orsay Museum in Paris.
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The painting "bedroom in Arles" picts van Gogh's bedroom at 2, Place Lamartine in Arles, Bouches-du-Rhône, France, known as the Yellow House. The door to the right opened on to the upper floor and the staircase; the door to the left was that of the guest room he held prepared for Gauguin; the window in the front wall looked on to Place Lamartine and its public gardens. This room was not rectangular but trapezoid with an obtuse angle in the left hand corner of the front wall and an acute angle at the right. Van Gogh started the first version during mid October 1888 while staying in Arles, and explained his aims and means to his brother Theo: "This time it simply reproduces my bedroom; but colour must be abundant in this part, its simplification adding a rank of grandee to the style applied to the objects, getting to suggest a certain rest or dream. Van Gogh included sketches of the composition in this letter as well as in a letter to Gauguin, written slightly later. In the letter, van Gogh explained that the painting had come out of a sickness that left him bedridden for days. In April 1889, van Gogh sent the initial version to his brother regretting that it had been damaged by the flood of the Rhône while he was interned at the Old Hospital in Arles. Theo proposed to have it relined and sent back to him in order to copy it. This "repetition" in original scale (Van Gogh's term was "répetition") was executed in September 1889. In summer, 1889, Van Gogh finally decided to redo some of his "best" compositions in smaller size (the term he used was réductions) for his mother and sister Wil, The Bedroom was amongst the subjects he chose. These réductions, finished late in September 1889, are not exact copies. -The first version never left the artist's estate and on permanent loan to the Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam. -The second version has, since 1926, been the possession of the Art Institute of Chicago as part of the Helen Birch Bartlett Memorial Collection. -The third version, formerly in the possession of Van Gogh's sister Wil and is on permanent display in the Musée d'Orsay, Paris. . . #vincentvangogh #bedroominarles #pinturaaloleo #museedorsay #museumamsterdam
4. “Café Terrace at Night”, 1988
Another oil painting from his stay in Arles was “Café Terrace at Night”, in which Van Gogh depicted La Terrasse café in the Place du Forum, which later became Café Van Gogh. Warm colors, a symbol of the painter’s optimism at having arrived in the south of France in search of calm and inspiration, dominate the painting and are juxtaposed with houses in the shade and a star-studded sky.Kröller-Müller Museum, Arnhem
5. “Self-Portrait with Straw Hat”, 1887
Van Gogh painted more than 30 self-portraits and his “Self-Portrait with Straw Hat” is known for its markedly yellow tones and a light typical of Impressionism. He created this self-portrait when he was feeling overwhelmed in Paris. Drunk in a frenetic city like the French capital, he needed to escape to a quiet place (which would be Arles, thanks to the influence of Gauguin), hence he presents himself with a straw hat and a look that conveys the oppression that he wants to end. Detroit Institute of Arts
6. “The Potato Eaters”, 1885
As Van Gogh explained in a letter to his brother Théo, he wanted to portray real peasants eating the potatoes they had picked and grown themselves to depict the hardship of country life. He painted this bleak portrayal of five humble peasants about to have dinner in the Dutch town of Nuenen. Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam
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The message of The Potato Eaters was more important to Van Gogh than correct anatomy or technical perfection. The painting had to depict the harsh reality of peasant life. ‘These folk […] have tilled the earth themselves with these hands they are putting in the dish […] that they have thus honestly earned their food’, wrote Vincent to his brother Theo. Vincent always had a lot of respect for hard-working people, and their dedication is reflected in how he worked. Vincent van Gogh, The Potato Eaters (1885) #VanGoghReflects #VanGoghMuseum #Amsterdam #Art
7. “Van Gogh’s Chair”, 1888
Van Gogh’s chair goes hand in hand with Gauguin’s chair, both having been created during their stay in the Yellow House in Arles. It was after arguing with him that Van Gogh cut his ear lobe and Gauguin returned to Paris. Then the Dutchman decided to represent the differences between the two by painting the two chairs: Vincent’s chair, made from simple straw with a pipe and a roll of tobacco on top, captures his sadness through strong brushstrokes in shades of yellow and blue. National Gallery, London
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Van Gogh's Chair is a painting created in 1888. The painting shows a rustic wooden chair, with a simple woven straw seat, on a tiled floor. On the chair seat is a decorated pipe and a pouch of pipe tobacco. It is currently held by the National Gallery, London. #vangogh #vangoghchair #painting #yellowchair #vangoghartwork #vangoghart #famousartwork
8. “The Siesta”, 1890
Inspired by Millet’s “La meridienne”, Van Gogh painted this The Siesta at the Saint-Rémy sanatorium. At a time when he had no themes of his own, he reinterpreted Millet’s work, reinventing a scene of rest in the countryside, implementing his characteristic colors and brushstrokes while remaining faithful to the original composition. D’Orsay Museum, Paris