Pop Art: 8 artists who made history

Pop Art: 8 artists who made history

From the iconic Andy Warhol to the revolutionary Evelyne Axell, discover eight of the most important pop art artists and their works.

You might like it or not, but pop art has made history and has forever changed the art world. And so have its most famous representatives, unconventional artists who have revolutionized the way art is made.

But what is Pop Art? It’s an artistic movement that began in the 1950s in the United States, which, in contrast to the art history up to that point, finds inspiration in mass culture, popular culture, and everyday objects to create its own works. A movement that goes hand in hand with the excessive consumerism of the economic boom and the pervasiveness of mass media, aiming to challenge the status quo and redefine the concept of art itself. A new way of seeing the world, objects, and art.

There’s no better way to fully understand this fun movement than by getting to know its prominent artists and their works, which have become true pop icons. Keep reading to discover eight Pop Art artists who have forever changed the history of art.

1. Andy Warhol (1928 – 1987)

There’s arguably no artist as synonymous with Pop Art as Andy Warhol. A commercial illustrator, Warhol sought inspiration from celebrities, such as Marilyn Monroe, and advertisements, like the Campbell’s Soup cans, to create works that are emblematic not just of Pop Art but of the 20th century. His New York studio, the Factory, was frequented by artists, intellectuals and various other notable contemporaries.

Among his most famous works stand out Campbell’s Soup Cans (1962), Brillo Box (1964), and Shot Marilyns (1964). Some of his most famous works are housed at the MoMa in New York, while in Pittsburgh, you can find The Andy Warhol Museum, entirely dedicated to the artist.


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Un post condiviso da Andy Warhol (@warholpopart)

2. Roy Lichtenstein (1923 – 1997)

The artistic production of Roy Lichtenstein is highly recognizable. This American artist drew inspiration from newspaper and comic book graphics to create unique works, with an aesthetic that is still highly appreciated in contemporary production. Throughout his life, he was a very prolific creator, producing not only prints and paintings but also sculptures and murals.

Among his most famous works, we find Drowning Girl (1963), exhibited at the MoMA in New York, and Whaam! (1963), which can be visited at the Tate Modern in London.

3. Keith Haring (1958 – 1990)

A staple on New York’s 1980s art scene, Keith Haring was an artist and social activist whose graffiti-inspired work first appeared in New York City streets and subways. In fact, he’s one of the first artists to bridge the gap between street art and museums.

His most famous works include Crack is Whack (1986), a mural on the corner of Second Avene and 128th Street, and Tuttomundo (1989), a world peace-themed mural on the wall of Sant’Antonio church in Pisa.


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Un post condiviso da Invisible New York (@invisiblenewyork)

4. Pauline Boty (1938 – 1966)

Co-founder of the British Pop Art movement and the only female artist to officially be part of it, Pauline Boty is a rebellious and unconventional artist. Through her works, Boty brilliantly critiqued patriarchal society and brought the theme of female sexuality to the forefront, becoming an icon of feminism. Her innovative artistic production was cut short by an untimely death, and her art was rediscovered only in the 1990s, with particular appreciation for her collages.

Among her most famous works, we find My Colouring Book (1963) exhibited at the Muzeum Sztuki Łódź in Poland, The Only Blonde in the World (1963) displayed at the Tate in London, and It’s a Man’s World I and II (1965).


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5. Robert Rauschenberg (1925-2008)

An artist less recognized by the masses but crucial to the Pop Art movement, often regarded as one of its precursors, is Rauschenberg. Despite not formally aligning with Pop Art, Rauschenberg introduced images of everyday objects into his artistic repertoire for the first time, employing the technique of serigraphy typically associated with commercial applications. Additionally, the artist gained fame for his neo-dadaist and abstract expressionist works.

Among his notable pieces are Retroactive I and II (1963) along with the iconic series of White Paintings, Black Paintings, Red Paintings from the 1950s.


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Un post condiviso da Florent Jeanniard (@florent_jeanniard)

6. Evelyne Axell (1935 – 1972)

The works of Axell, the renowned Belgian pop painter, are characterized by female subjects—often depicted nude or in silhouette—exploring erotic themes closely linked to female sexuality, alongside a psychedelic element. Axell revolutionized the realm of painting by employing a novel technique that incorporates pieces of translucent plastic into her works.

Among her most celebrated paintings are Ice Cream (1964), displayed at the Walker Art Center in Minneapolis, Valentine (1966), housed at the Tate Modern, and Le Glacier (1972), located at Mumok in Vienna.

7. Sir Peter Blake (1932)

Nicknamed, “the godfather of British Pop Art,” Peter Blake is perhaps widely known for the artwork of the Beatles’ iconic Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band album as well as albums for other artists like Eric Clapton and the Who. While that’s undoubtedly impressive, his imprint on Pop Art goes much deeper, one of his most popular outlets being neat collages created from pop culture images, coupled with vibrant colors and shapes. Queen Elizabeth II knighted him in 2002.

His Self Portrait with Badges (1961) is at Tate Britain and Studio Track-Board (1972) is at the Tate Modern alongside many of his other works.


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Un post condiviso da Peter Blake (@peterblakeartist)

8. David Hockney (1937)

One of the world’s most influential artists, David Hockney has left a profound imprint on art and is most closely associated with the Pop Art movement. His works can be recognized by, usually, the presence of a swimming pool, but he also loved painting people and the occasional landscape. The artist’s Portrait of an Artist (Pool with Two Figures) (1972) auctioned for $90 million (£70 million), making it the most expensive painting by a living artist ever sold at auction.

See A Bigger Splash (1967) and My Parents (1977) at the Tate Modern.


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Un post condiviso da Art Madness Daily (@modernartdaily_)

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